The Urban Wildlands Group

The Urban Wildlands Group is dedicated to the protection of species, habitats, and ecological processes in urban and urbanizing areas.




Conservation and Wildlife Organizations

California Oak Foundation

American Bird Conservancy

Western Alliance for Nature

Blue Ocean Institute

Beavers: Wetlands & Wildlife

Parrots International

More Beautiful Wild (Birds)

Lake Jackson Ecopassage


Fatal Light Awareness Program

National Bird Day - January 5th National Bird Day

International Migratory Bird Day

Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center

Endangered Habitats League

California Native Plant Society

Los Angeles/Santa Monica Chapter,
California Native Plant Society

Theodore Payne Foundation

The Xerces Society

Los Angeles Audubon Society

Palos Verdes/South Bay Audubon Society

Santa Monica Bay Audubon Society

Bat Conservation International


Urban Nature Information

Urban Bee Gardens

City Parrots

SWILD - Urban Ecology & Wildlife Research

California Parrot Project

Center for Urban Restoration Ecology

Cats Indoors!

Nature in the City

The Metropolitan Field Guide

Life at Night project (Slovenia)

Lost Ladybug Project


Animal Behavior and Cognition

The Marmot Burrow

Center for Avian Cognition


Dark-Sky Organizations

International Dark-Sky Association

The Astronomical Society of Malta

Flagstaff Dark Skies Coalition


Government Agencies

National Park Service Night Sky Team

United States Fish and Wildlife Service

California Department of Fish and Wildlife

California Coastal Commission



Birds and Beans


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Lange's Metalmark Butterfly


The Urban Wildlands Group

The Urban Wildlands Group is dedicated to the protection of species, habitats, and ecological processes in urban and urbanizing areas.

Lange's Metalmark Butterfly


The endandgered Lange's metalmark is a small orange, white, and black butterfly that is restricted to the Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge along the southern bank of the San Joaquin River. Although populations seemed robust in thTeam LMB Logoe mid-1990s, they have plummeted in recent years. In response, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing aggressive habitat restoration and a captive rearing program.

The Urban Wildlands Group's captive rearing program -- The Butterfly Project at Moorpark College -- is one of two groups that will receive adult butterflies during this year's flight season (August-September) to initiate a captive population. The project is a collaboration with Gordon Pratt at UC Riverside, CRES Native Seed Gene Bank, Osborne Biological Consulting, Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge, and the Sacramento Field Office of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Damien Renner designed the Team LMB logo.

News and Updates

February 21, 2012 -- We have larvae hatching at Moorpark College; the cycle begins again. Also, please see our final report for 2010-2011: Captive Rearing of Lange’s Metalmark Butterfly, 2010–2011, which was funded by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation on behalf of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

April 10, 2010 -- Nice coverage of the efforts being taken to recover Lange's Metalmark, including our captive rearing efforts at Moorpark College.

August 29, 2008 -- Lange's metalmark butterflies reared and successfully mated at the butterfly project at Moorpark College were released into restored habitat at Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge. Click for news and videos about the project from the Ventura County Star, Contra Costa Times, and the homepage of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

March 2008 -- First and second instar larvae continue to develop slowly on their buckwheat foodplants.

December 12, 2007 -- Lange's metalmark butterfly larvae have started to hatch from their eggs.

September 6, 2007 -- Lange's metalmark butterflies were collected yesterday by biologist Jana Johnson, consultant Ken Osborne, and the rest of "Team LMB" at the Antioch dunes. These butterflies have been transported to our site at Moorpark College to establish a captive population. Gordon Pratt collected specimens for a separate site in Murietta. The Contra Costa Times reports.

August 14, 2007 -- UWG and collaborators release propagation handbook for Lange's metalmark butterfly in preparation for initiation of captive rearing program.

Reports and Publications

Johnson, J.J., T. Longcore, A. Clause, G. Pratt, J. Dunn, and K. Osborne. 2007. Propagation handbook for Lange's metalmark butterfly, Apodemia mormo langei. First edition, August 2007. The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles.



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